Vulpecula Constellation Points of Interest It lies at an approximate distance of 297 light years from Earth. There are no meteor showers associated with the constellation. Charles Messier first observed it in 1764. Hevelius said that Vulpecula et Anser, or the little fox with the goose, represented a fox carrying a goose to Cerberus, the dog that guarded the entrance to the Underworld in Greek mythology. It is not associated with any myths. 8 Vulpeculae has an apparent magnitude of 5.81. It is a variable star. Messier 27 was the first planetary nebula ever discovered. The pulsar has a rotational period of 1.557708 miliseconds, which means that it completes nearly 642 rotations per second. The stars were later separated to form two constellations, Anser and Vulpecula, and then merged back together into the present-day Vulpecula constellation. It is a hot Jupiter class planet with a close orbit to the orange dwarf. The Goose was pictured in the jaws of the Fox, the Goose is no longer officially in the sky but reputedly remains in the name of the alpha star: Anser (1). Astrophysicist Thomas Gold and astronomer Fred Hoyle eventually identified these signals as rapidly rotating neutron stars that had very strong magnetic fields. Click the map for a 916x1200 version of the above. 5 out of 5 stars … The constellation was depicted as a fox holding a goose in its jaws. It was the first extrasolar planet to be discovered with carbon dioxide in its atmosphere. You may find Vulpecula between constellations Sagitta and Cygnus and can see some open clusters in it. = visual magnitude (m or mv), also known as apparent magnitude The Dumbbell nebula is 1,360 light-years away in the Vulpecula constellation, and stretches across 4.5 light-years of space. The brightest star in the constellation is Anser, Alpha Vulpeculae, with an apparent magnitude of 4.44. Originally it was a double figure named Vulpecula cum Anser, “The Fox with the Goose”. The Italian astronomer Giovanni Batista Hodierna independently discovered the group in the 17th century. For instance: α Vulpeculae (the brightest star of Vulpecula based on the Bayer catalog); or 23 Vulpeculae (the 23th star in the constellation of Vulpecula based on the Flamsteed catalog). It is the brightest star in Vulpecula. It was first described by the French astronomer and comet hunter Charles Messier who found it in 1764 and included it as no. It has 82% the solar mass, 75% the radius, and only 26.4% the luminosity. 1729. Hevelius originally named the constellation Vulpecula cum ansere, or Vulpecula et Anser, which means the little fox with the goose. The group is also known as Al Sufi’s Cluster, after the Persian astronomer Al Sufi who discovered it and described it in his Book of Fixed Stars in 964. It can be found in the middle of the Summer Triangle asterism, and is highest in the evening sky in the months around July. The stars have an apparent magnitude of 6.07 and 10.116 and have an orbital period of about 3,200 years. mag. Eastern Section. Vulpecula is one of the constellations that is found in the northern hemisphere. It has a visual magnitude of 4.59 and is 216.57 light years distant from the Sun. With an apparent magnitude of 4.44, it is the brightest… It's an M type red giant star located 297 light-years away. The Vulpecula is name comes from the likeness to a fox.  • RA = Right ascension for the Epoch/Equinox J2000.0 Anser, Alpha Vulpeculae (α Vul), is a red giant star located in the constellation Vulpecula.  • HD = Henry Draper Catalogue designation number Peoria Astronomical Society Vulpecula Page; Interactive star chart (Java applet) Position in the Sky. • B = Bayer designation. Anser is a red giant star with the stellar classification M0III. Vulpecula is notable for the Dumbbell Nebula, reputedly the most conspicuous of the class of so-called planetary nebulae. Vulpecula - September 15, 10:00 PM - Latitude 45° North, Longitude 95° West Stars of Vulpecula Anser (RA: 19h28m42.186s DE:+24 39'52.05") Alpha Vulpeculae is named Anser, Latin for goose. 27 in his famous list of extended sky objects. However, this was later changed to instead have the fox as the main constellation, and Anser became just the brightest star of this constellation. The constellation is a relatively faint one, with no stars brighter than fourth magnitude. Atlas coelestis, http://blackholes.stardate.org/objects/factsheet-XTE-J1859-226.html, "HD-DM-GC-HR-HIP-Bayer-Flamsteed Cross Index", "Identification of a Constellation from a Position", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_stars_in_Vulpecula&oldid=958533907, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 May 2020, at 09:57. The constellation was originally called Vulpecula cum Anser, The Fox Brocchi’s Cluster is a group of stars located near the border with Sagitta constellation. Hevelius had invented the Cerberus constellation too, but it is now obsolete. Vulpecula is a small, faint constellation in the northern sky, introduced by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius in 1687. Vulpecula is located between Sagitta and Cygnus. With an apparent magnitude of 4.44, it is the brightest star in the constellation. It surrounds the open cluster NGC 6823, located near Messier 27. The goose was left out of the constellation’s name, but instead the brightest star, Alpha Vulpeculae, carries the name Anser. It consists of very rarified gas that has been ejected from the hot central star now in one of its last evolutionary stages. The map displays stars to magnitude 10, and deepsky objects to magnitude 12. Anser (alpha Vulpeculae - α Vul) - at magnitude +4.44 is the brightest star in the constellation. It has the stellar classification G8III. Image: ESO.  • Sp. 31 Vulpeculae is the third brightest star in the constellation. The galaxy is a known radio source. Constellations which never rise more than a few degrees above the horizon from a given latitude will be effectively unobservable.  • Notes = Common name(s) or alternate name(s); comments; notable properties [for example: multiple star status, range of variability if it is a variable star, exoplanets, etc. The constellation is also home to the first pulsar ever discovered, PSR B1919+21, first observed by Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish in 1967. Vulpecula, The Fox,is one of Johannes Hevelius' constellations, introduced in his posthumously published star catalogue of 1690. It has 5 main stars in its asterism and 33 Bayer Flamsteed designated stars within its confines. The nebula has an apparent magnitude of 7.5 and is approximately 1,360 light years distant from the solar system. It has an apparent magnitude of 13.4 and is approximately 191 million light years distant. It is a faint constellation; its brightest star is Alpha Vulpeculae, with a magnitude of 4.5. Vulpecula contains one named star. It is an optical binary star. ], Map of constellations Lyra, Cygnus, Lacerta, Vulpec, Anser, and Sagitta. The main star of the constellation is a red giant called Alpha Vulpeculae. PSR B1937+21 is the first millisecond pulsar ever discovered, located only a few degrees away from PSR B1919+21. The primary star is smaller and much less luminous than the Sun. The star also carries the traditional name Anser, which refers to the goose the little fox holds in its jaws. Vulpecula is the 55th constellation in size, occupying an area of 268 square degrees. It is a red giant star located about 297 light years from Earth. Today, only the fox is left. The constellation Vulpecula stands high in the southeast at nightfall. This a more detailed view of the constellation. The bright­est star in Vulpec­ula is Alpha Vulpec­u­lae, a mag­ni­tude 4.44m red giant at a dis­tance of 297 light-years. Vulpecula contains no named stars and has no legends. 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